radiation; Ukraine strategic position

The Swedish Foreign Minister, Carl Bildt, asks to Yanukovych to return immediately to Kyiv to explain why he abandoned his position and to declare financial interests. The new appointed Ukraine interim PM, opposer Yatsenyuk, accused earlier in the parliament the ousted president of “robbing the state treasury”. “37 billion dollars (€27bn) of credit received have disappeared in an unknown direction”, Yatsenyuk told lawmakers.       http://www.euronews.com/2014/02/26/wheres-yanukovych-ousted-president-protected-by-us-according-russian-newspaper/
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In percentage terms, our dietary levels of strontium-90 after 1964 began dropping by about 15 percent per year, but slowed in around 1970 at the rate of 6 percent per year; and now it is increasing by a small rate in some areas
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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 Correlation between blast yield and SR-90 concentrations in milk.    
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In a long page one story, the Aug. 2, 1995 New York Times reported that life expectancy has plummeted in Russia, making it the first nation in history to ever experience such a public health status reversal. Male life expectancy is now the lowest in the world (below even India or Bolivia) and, at the same time, infant mortality rose 15 percent in both 1993 and 1994, and there are now epidemic rates of heart disease and cancer. Dr. David Hoel, an epidemiologist at the Medical University of S. Carolina, is studying whether Chernobyl’s radiation is a major factor in the spread in cancers and birth defects. “Everyone assumes the connection,” he said.   http://www.ratical.org/radiation/Chernobyl/Chernobyl@10p2.html

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Chernobyl Radioactive Cloud on 04/27/86 and 05/06/86 1986

http://www.ratical.org/radiation/Chernobyl/IRSN14dayPlume.html

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Chernobyl nuclear accident, radiation cloud path mapped

Created by Kate Chanba, Matt Forrest, Vanessa Knoppke-Wetzel, and Andrew Wilson of the University of Wisconsin-Madison the project shows the lasting impact of the 1986 nuclear accident on Ukraine and the rest of Europe.

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New Book Concludes: Chernobyl death toll: 985,000, mostly from cancer,
by Karl Grossman, Global Research, 3 September 2010    http://www.ratical.org/radiation/Chernobyl/index.html#CCofCfPatE

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The magnitude of the recent spike in radiation, and the amounts of groundwater involved, have led Michio Aoyama, an oceanographer at a government research institute who is considered an authority on radiation in the sea, to conclude that radioactive cesium 137 may now be leaking into the Pacific at a rate of about 30 billion becquerels per day, or about three times as high as last year. He estimates that strontium 90 may be entering the Pacific at a similar rate.

Dr. Aoyama notes that those amounts would be much smaller than the amount of cesium 137 alone released into the Pacific during the accident itself, which he estimates at up to 18 quadrillion becquerels.  http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/25/world/asia/with-a-plants-tainted-water-still-flowing-no-end-to-environmental-fears.html?_r=2&pagewanted=all&

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2-25-14    The cost of the Fukushima triple disaster is estimated to be from US$504 to US$630 billion. Approximately 300 fishing ports and 22,000 fishing boats were destroyed. Some 340,000 people were displaced and 22 million tons of rubble piled up along coastal towns and cities.

Radiation from the Daiichi plant covered 8 percent of Japan. Children in some parts of the country such as Minamisoma, could only play outside for 2 hours a day for the next 13 months. Dosimeters were installed outside schools to show radiation levels. Areas with annual exposure of over 50 millisieverts will be uninhabitable for at least 5 years after the disaster. Thousands of people will never be able to return to their homes.

We have learned much in the aftermath of the disaster by studying what happened and assessing the damage. But there are still many unknowns: How much contamination has entered the food chain? What will prove to be the effects of radiation on citizens in the years to come?  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/amy-chavez/japans-return-to-nuclear-_b_4851555.html

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The IMF loaned newly independent Ukraine about $3.5 billion in the mid-1990s, several years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, and another $2.2 billion in 1998, an amount it later increased.

Another one-year $600 million loan followed in 2004, and a two-year $16.4 billion loan was provided in 2008.

The IMF last agreed to loan Ukraine $15 billion in 2010, but froze the deal in 2011 after Kiev failed to implement the required reforms, including removing gas price subsidies.

After reviewing why the last bailout went off track, the IMF’s board in December said Kiev should get less money in any future bailout, and should be required to implement more economic reforms before it gets any IMF money.  http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/02/25/us-ukraine-crisis-imf-idUSBREA1O1DT20140225

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Rostov-on-Don:  1 million population, founded 1749, 32 km. from Sea of Azov (northern arm of Black Sea, mean depth of 23 feet).   In summer 2012 Sea of Azov looked this way: 

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2-27-14  Brussels – The European Parliament has passed a resolution on Ukraine, which got support from a majority of MEPs. 

The key provisions of the document include a reminder for Russia that it is a guarantor of the existing Ukrainian border, the initiative to establish an independent commission to investigate human rights violations registered during mass protests in Ukraine, and a call for holding a donor conference for the provision of financial assistance to Kyiv.

The resolution was adopted at a plenary session of the European Parliament in Strasbourg on Thursday. Prior to this, the document was discussed in the European Parliament on Wednesday.

The resolution says that the existing borders of Ukraine were guaranteed by the United States of America, the Russian Federation and the United Kingdom in the Budapest Memorandum on Security Assurances when Ukraine relinquished nuclear weapons and joined the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and reminds the Russian Federation that, together with the two other countries mentioned above, it committed itself in the same act to refraining from economic coercion designed to subordinate Ukraine to its own interest. http://www.kyivpost.com/content/politics/european-parliament-adopts-resolution-on-ukraine-337831.html

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Poland-Ukraine cooperation             The weapon Skrzypczak has mentioned is likely to be the Corsar, built by the Kiev-based LUCH Design Bureau. The Corsar weapon system is designed as a semi-active laser guided man-portable weapon (18 kg total system weight), capable of engaging stationary and moving targets at a range of 2,500 m’, its tandem warhead is designed to penetrate 550mm of armor (RHA) behind reactive tiles. The Corsar homes in on laser light reflected from the target. It was designed as an affordable, lightweight anti-tank weapon offering superior range, compared to light ATGW, while maintaining relatively low cost (a system is offered at a cost of $130,000).

The Polish Army also operates laser guided missiles with 30 Mi-24 HIND and is interested in arming the W-3/W-3W Sokol light helicopters used for recce, scout and utility missions. For that mission, the Polish military is likely to consider EO and laser guided weapons, to modernize or augment existing systems.  http://defense-update.com/20131108_poland-interested-ukraine-anti-tank-missiles.html

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The Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Straits is a 1936 agreement that gives Turkey control over the Bosporus Straits and the Dardanelles and regulates the transit of naval warships. The Convention gives Turkey full control over the Straits and guarantees the free passage of civilian vessels in peacetime. It restricts the passage of naval ships not belonging to Black Sea states. The terms of the convention have been the source of controversy over the years, most notably concerning the Soviet Union‘s military access to the Mediterranean Sea.  (Essentially Russia’s Black Sea-Crimea Naval base (26000 men) now more or less has the blocking-power over the Dardanelles, not legally, just de facto; USN doesn’t generally go into Black Sea   -r)  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montreux_Convention_Regarding_the_Regime_of_the_Straits

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US Navy tightens its presence at Black Sea ahead of Olympics

US navy

US navy

  Photo:            The guided missile frigate USS Ramage (DDG-61) and the command ship USS Mt. Whitney with 600 Marines deployed aboard have come to the Black Sea, a military diplomat told the Russian news agency on Monday. “The frigate USS Ramage and the flag ship of the US Sixth Fleet, the USS Mt. Whitney, have arrived in the Black Sea. They have passed through the Dardanelles and Bosporus Straits lately with Turkish consent. More than 600 US Marines are stationed aboard the ships,” the source said.

Judging by the vector of their movement, one may presume the US warships are headed towards the Ukrainian Black Sea coast.

A visit of the US warships to the Russian territorial waters is not on the agenda as of yet, the source said.

The USS Mt. Whitney, a Blue Ridge class command ship, is the flag ship of the US Sixth Fleet. It has a displacement of 18,400 tonnes, a length of 189 meters and a speed of 23 knots. The ship carries defensive artillery weaponry and a helicopter.

The USS Ramage (DDG-61) is a guided missile frigate commissioned on July 22, 1995. It has a displacement of 8,775 tonnes and a speed of 32 knots. It carries tactical strike weapons, Tomahawk cruise missiles, guided air defense missiles, artillery, anti-sub, mine and torpedo armaments, and a helicopter. The ship has a crew of 337, including 23 officers.  http://voiceofrussia.com/news/2014_02_03/Two-US-warships-marines-come-to-Black-Sea-source-6526/

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Ukraine’s decision to host a Russian naval base for 25 more years in exchange for cheaper gas, a deal ratified Tuesday….The deal gives Ukraine about 30% off the prices set in the contract it signed with Moscow last year, after a standoff during which the Kremlin cut gas supplies to Europe. But that contract set prices so high that the newly negotiated discount brings them down only to current market levels. They gave something, extending the naval base lease, in order to get what they were really entitled to from the beginning….

Radu Tudor, a defense analyst in Romania, one of three NATO allies on the Black Sea, said:

The Russians’ extended presence in Sevastopol poses less of a military problem than a political one. They continue to see security as they did in the Cold War, with NATO as the enemy. So it’s going to be much harder now to transform the Black Sea from a Russian lake into a NATO sea.

     http://niqnaq.wordpress.com/2010/04/28/turning-the-black-sea-into-a-nato-lake-is-a-military-threat-to-russia/

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