Zimbabwe supplying uranium to Iran covertly; China’s & Pakistan’s uranium

Zimbabwe has signed a secret deal to supply Uranium to Iran for its controversial nuclear programme, according to a senior Government source in Harare.

Negotiations between the two countries, which would see thousands of tonnes of the raw uranium shipped to Tehran for enrichment, have allegedly been going on for two years, the Times reports.

Zimbabwe’s Deputy Mining Minister Gift Chimanikire, said a ‘memorandum of understanding’ had been signed between the two countries both currently subject to stringent international sanctions.

 
Concerns: Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe, seen here shaking hands with former Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in 2006, is believed to have signed a secret deal to supply uranium to Tehran

Concerns: Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe, seen here shaking hands with former Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in 2006, is believed to have signed a secret deal to supply uranium to Tehran

The deal would see thousands of tonnes of raw uranium shipped to Tehran for enrichment in a flagrant breech of international sanctions. Iranian president Hasan Rouhani has refused to consider halting the country’s nuclear programme

Iran insists that its nuclear programme is solely for providing its domestic energy needs, however it is widely believed they are hoping to build a nuclear weapon.

 http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2388685/Zimbabwe-signs-secret-deal-supply-Iran-uranium-build-nuclear-bomb.html#ixzz2rG1NErLd
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Iran’s Path to Nuclear Peace
By SIEGFRIED S. HECKER and WILLIAM J. PERRY, JAN. 9, 2014
And no matter how many more centrifuges Iran installs, it can never become self-sufficient because it does not possess adequate uranium ore reserves for a large-scale nuclear energy program. It could purchase enrichment services on the global marketplace (for domestic atomic energy plants) just as it would have to buy the natural uranium to feed into the centrifuges.   http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/10/opinion/irans-path-to-nuclear-peace.html?_r=0
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How Pakistan Acquired its Uranium
12-3-12   Pakistan is not a signatory to the Nonproliferation Treaty, which complicates the import of uranium. Pakistan has been able to secure Chinese LEU fuel assemblies for the Chasma Nuclear Power plants and a limited stock of safeguarded natural uranium fuel assemblies for the Karachi Nuclear Power Plant (KANUPP).  However, as Canada stopped supplying Pakistan with fuel assemblies for KANUPP in 1976, this stock is most likely gone by now, causing KANUPP to rely on domestic stocks of uranium in recent decades.   http://lewis.armscontrolwonk.com/archive/5928/patton-on-pakistans-u-supply
Now CNEIC (China Nuclear) is the sole supplier of fuel assembly to the Pakistan Chashma NPP and meanwhile entrusted by domestic nuclear power plants to purchase natural uranium, low enriched uranium products and fuel assemblies from abroad.  http://www.cneic.com.cn/en/html/2006-10-25/service20061025170507.html
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So China buys alot of Australian uranium and then supplies Pakistan, probably Iran, etc.; how?  Directly, or through North Korean or Pakistani agents?–does it matter which way?
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Nov 2007     How can we be sure that China will not divert Australian uranium to weapons?

Assurances that Australian uranium (AONM) will not be used for military purposes derive from a number of factors, which include: (1) China’s willingness to give a treaty-level commitment to use AONM solely for peaceful purposes; (2) the safeguards agreements China has with both the IAEA and Australia; (3) detailed nuclear accounting information to be reported to ASNO; (4) uranium would be bought for power utilities for electricity generation and not sold for unspecified purposes; and (5) the five countries recognised as NWS under the NPT – China, France, Russia, UK and USA – have sufficient fissile material for their military programs – Open sources suggest that China ceased production of fissile material for nuclear weapon some years ago. Australia has urged China to join the other nuclear weapon states in announcing a moratorium on production of fissile material for nuclear weapons.  http://www.dfat.gov.au/geo/china/treaties/faq.html
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China Buying Stake in Namibia Uranium Mine
1-20-14    SYDNEY—China National Nuclear Corp. agreed to buy a large stake in one of Africa’s biggest uranium mines, giving the state-owned power generator better access to cleaner-burning energy.
A unit of CNNC agreed to buy 25% of the Langer Heinrich operation in Namibia from Paladin Energy Ltd. http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702304027204579331800563476352
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3-19-12  China Guangdong Nuclear had within the last six weeks already acquired majority ownership of Extract and the Namibian site. …China already buys 95 percent of the uranium that comes from Kazakhstan, Namibia, Australia and Uzbekistan, it says. Furthermore, Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper recently agreed to export more uranium to China.  http://www.smartplanet.com/blog/intelligent-energy/china-grabbing-up-uranium-to-secure-nuclear-lead/
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In a Sunday meeting between Zimbabwe Defense Minister Emmerson Mnangagwa and Iranian Defense Minister Ahmad Vahidi, Iran pledged to help Zimbabwe to modernize its defense forces. It is not clear how the cash-strapped but uranium and diamond rich Zimbabwe would pay for this service, but Minister Mnangagwa told reporters the agreement was merely a “consolidating and deepening” of the Iran-Zimbabwe relationship.

“We are fully prepared to help Zimbabwe’s military forces in any way possible,” Iran’s state-run Fars new agency reports Minister Vahidi as saying. “We will help strengthen their military so that they are able to protect their land and culture, especially so they are prepared against the pressures and threats from Western countries.”

http://www.csmonitor.com/layout/set/r14/World/Africa/2012/0315/Why-Iran-wants-to-beef-up-Zimbabwe-s-military
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Iran also has close ties to Sudan’s dictator and to Malawi’s dictator.
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7-22-11 Malawi citizens revolt against their ‘plundering’ presidentThe president violated our civil liberties with the Injunctions law (a law that bans citizens from protesting against government policies).
http://observers.france24.com/content/20110722-malawi-citizens-revolt-against-plundering-president-mutharika
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